The U.S. Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1972 established anti-pollution regulations administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) through a permit system known as the National Pollutant Discharge Elmination System (NPDES). To expand controls beyond end-of-pipe industrial effluents and include the now dominant water pollution from fertilizers, pesticdies, land displosal and urban runoff, the EPA established in 2000 the Storm Water Phase II Final Rule, which regulates Municipal Separate Storm Systems (MS4s). As a small municipality, the City the Newburgh is covered by the EPA's Small MS4 Program. For more information, see the following EPA Storm Water Phase II Final Rule fact sheets:
- Small MS4 Fact Sheet 2.1 - Who's Covered (pdf)
- Small MS4 Fact Sheet 2.2 - Urbanized Areas: Definition and Description (pdf)
The EPA Storm Water Phase II Final Rule requires local governments to implement six minimum control measures to improve water quality:
- Public Information & Education
- Public Involvement and Participation
- Illicit Discharge Detection & Elimination
- Construction Site Runoff Control
- Post Construction Runoff Control
- Pollution Prevention & Good Housekeeping
New York State Regulations
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) requires local municipalities to adopt and enforce the EPA NPDES Phase II municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4)regulations in order to obtain an annual permit for storm water discharge. The City's MS4 compliance certification annual reports are available here.
The plan includes local legislation requiring stormwater management for various activities within the city.
The purpose of the law is to "set forth standards for development of property within the City in order to obtain compliance with regulatory stormwater management requirements and sound engineering practices."